The trespass offering was to atone for specific transgressions where restitution
was possible, such as sins of ignorance, usually connected with fraud. For
example, if a man had unwittingly cheated another,
a ransom that was equal to the same value of the amount taken
plus one-fifth would be repaid to the former property owner. If the offence is
related to holy things, such as tithes and first-fruits, then the worshipper
will repay the amount owed plus one-fifth to the priest.
The trespass offering was also prescribed in the cases of healed lepers in
since leprosy was considered as a wrong to the congregation as a whole.
In this offering, the sacrifice was always a male (generally
a ram, which was never used as a sin offering).
The blood was thrown on the corners of the altars, like that
of the burnt offering.